Signup for Triposo Cancel. There are four main types of forest ecosystems in the Valdivian ecoregion. South America’s largest woodpecker, called the Magellanic woodpecker, is found in the Valdivian Temperate Rainforest. The magnificent rainforests of the ecoregion face great threats from extensive logging activities in the region. Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests. We use cookies to analyse how visitors use our website and to help us provide the best possible experience for users.

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Valdivian temperate rain forest

Very few plants can grow under this species. Closer to the treeline, the conifers give way to Andean scrublands of deciduous Nothofagus. Views Read Edit View history.

They are home to the majestic alerce tree, which can reach heights of m and live for more than 3, years. This page vadlivian last updated vadivian April 25, Patagonian steppeMagellanic subpolar forestsChilean matorral and Southern Andean steppe. Signup for Triposo Cancel. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Valdivian temperate rain forest. The threats to the remaining forest are significant and include intensive logging and replacement of native forest with plantations of exotic species of pine and valddivian.

The fourth and last type is the Northern Patagonian forests, which dominate the southern half of the ecoregion, with evergreen species such as the broadleaf Nothofagus dombeyi and Drimys winteri and the coniferous podocarpsincluding Podocarpus nubigenus.

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The flora of the forest has inherited and developed its characteristics due to a variety of causes.

Fully half the species of woody plants are endemic to this ecoregion. This is a place where gorillas, hippos and elephants can be found walking, playing and resting along pristine sandy beaches Mobilise conservation action on an ecoregional scale.

The Biodiversity Hotspot Of The Valdivian Temperate Rainforest

Also, the influence of the Humboldt Current results in foggy and humid conditions along the coast. The Valdivian and Magellanic temperate rainforests are the only temperate rain forests in South America and one of a small number of temperate rain forests in the world. Archived from the original on There are four main types of forest ecosystems in the Valdivian ecoregion.

In the summer the temperature can climb to View our Cookie Policy. At the same time, the northward-flowing oceanic Humboldt Current creates humid and foggy conditions near the coast. Some of the oldest tree species found in the Valdivian Temperate Forest includes the Olivillo trees and the alerce trees.

The Valdivian temperate rainforests are characterized by their dense understories of bamboosfernsand for being mostly dominated by evergreen angiosperm trees with some deciduous specimens, though conifer trees are also common. Trees and understory at Oncol Park. Some few Valdivian forests grows in northern Chile such as that one in Bosque de Fray Jorge National Park as remains of the last glacial maximum.


Temperate characterized by several factors including their location in a temperate zone with average temperatures between 4 degrees and 12 degrees Celsius, and they receive a large amount of rainfall.

Public concern for conservation of the Valdivian forests is growing in both countries and conservation planners now recognize the need for a bi-national approach to this problem.

Valdivian temperate rain forest: Natural attractions

It is part of the Neotropical ecozone. The Valdivian Temperate Rainforest is famous for its endemic plants and foot tall trees, as well as its rare animal species.

Much of the ecoregion was covered by the Patagonian Ice Sheet and other glaciers at the peak of the last ice agewhich descended from the Andes mountains, and the numerous lakes of the Chilean lakes district in the central part of the ecoregion were originally glacial valleys, while the southern part of the region has many glacier-carved fjords. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

There are threatened mammal species in the Valdivian Temperate Rainforest, some of which include the southern pudu smallest deer species in the worldthe monito del monte arboreal marsupialand the kodkod the smallest cat species in South America.

Thus, the vegetation pattern here can be described as the temperate broadleaf and mixed forests. Walter Where things are. Protect key sites and wildlife populations.